Download Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Language by Jussi Haukioja, James R. Beebe PDF

By Jussi Haukioja, James R. Beebe

Should philosophy of language use experimental equipment, or can or not it's pursued within the armchair? Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Language represents a balanced number of positions in this widely mentioned query.

In the 1st number of its variety, top specialists within the box current a couple of assorted views at the relevance of experimental tools in philosophy of language, starting from entire dismissals of conventional the way to defences of armchair ways. in addition to exploring attainable novel experimental suggestions, Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Language evaluates the philosophical relevance of present experimental effects and offers new facts from new experimental reports. For students seeking to remain prior to the newest advancements and tendencies within the philosophy of language, this significant contribution to the sector brings the reader up-to-date.

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However, I would recommend this method to other philosophers of language interested in their discipline’s metaphilosophy: Look and see whether intuitions play some fundamental role. This looking and seeing must be carried out before we can properly assess contributions to experimental philosophy of language. I think it is safe to say, right now, that experimental work on intuitions about the Gödel Case is irrelevant. And I also think that, to the extent that experimental philosophy of language has been motivated by the Heavy Evidence passage, it is poorly motivated.

2 Memory judgements as intuitions Suppose that Mary is another witness to Jack’s utterance in condition C. She arrives at just the same judgements from this experience as does Jill but she does so the next day, based on her memory of John’s utterance. All of Mary’s judgements, like Jill’s, are ‘intuitive’ and, continuing my generous policy, I count them all as “intuitions”. Once again, the epistemic status of each judgement depends on the details of Mary’s reliability. And there is no basis for a blanket dismissal of them.

Indeed, they may be, but that is the sort of epistemic risk that we always run in science, since all judgements are theory-laden. And there are two points to make about it. First, we can try to control for bias, just as we do elsewhere in science. Second, the risk should not be exaggerated. The intuitive judgements that scientists make about their domains tend to be in agreement. For evidence of this among linguists, see Sprouse and Almeida (2013). For evidence among reference theorists, one has to look no further than the response to Kripke’s intuitions about names.

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