By Edward Chow, Joav Merrick
An predicted 166,400 new circumstances of melanoma will take place in Canada in 2008. Bone metastases regrettably stay a standard web site of recurrence, with breast and prostate melanoma sufferers representing a considerable share of this inhabitants. Metastatic bone ailment is linked to major morbidity and mortality. discomfort is skilled through as much as thirds of sufferers. The diagnosis for sufferers with bone metastases is extremely motivated via tumour style, functionality prestige, and the presence of extraosseous sickness. The median survival has been considerably longer in breast melanoma sufferers with a primary relapse within the axial skeleton (24 months) as opposed to sufferers with preliminary relapse within the liver (3 months) (2). Survival after prognosis of bone metastases is motivated by means of the next improvement of extraosseous metastatic websites: 1.6 years as opposed to 2.1 years in sufferers with bone-only illness.
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Additional resources for Advanced Cancer. Pain and Quality of Life (Health and Human Development)
Introduction 5 despite widespread use of BPs SREs remain common and we therefore need new strategies to optimize patient management (22-25). Effective prevention of SREs in patients with bone metastases is essential to preservation of functioning and maintenance of QOL. While RT is effective for localized pain relief and remineralization of osseous lesions, systemic bisphosphonate therapy may inhibit tumor cell adhesion to bone, tumor growth, angiogenesis (26), and provide pain relief (27). Integration of bisphosphonate and RT may have a synergistic effect on metastatic bone lesions and potentially reduce the risk of SREs when used in combination (26).
Sterman E, Gauker S, Krieger J. Continuing education: A comprehensive approach to improving cancer pain management and patient satisfaction. Oncol Nurs Forum 2003;30:857-64. Vallerand AH, Hasenau S, Templin T, Collins-Bohler D. Disparities between black and white patients with cancer pain: The effect of perception of control over pain. Pain Med 2005;6:242-50. Wells N, Hepworth JT, Murphy BA, Wujcik D, Johnson R. Improving cancer pain management through patient and family education. J Pain Symptom Manage 2003;25:344-56.
For the primary tests of the intervention, nurse outcomes were assessed at baseline and end-of-session for both the beginning and advanced sessions (which was given 4-6 weeks after the beginning session), and at 3-months and 6-months after the advanced intervention session. Patients were assessed at 1-week (baseline), 2-weeks, 3-weeks, and 4-weeks and caregivers were assessed at 1-week (baseline) and 4-weeks. Table 2 presents a time schedule for the measurements taken for nurses, patients and caregivers.