By Nikolai Krementsov
Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik celebration in the course of its early life, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technological know-how fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny within which the employees of the area, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its individuals via commonplace blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov used to be now not in simple terms a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and detect his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st examine institute dedicated to the technological know-how of blood transfusion.
In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based e-book on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as progressive, novelist, and scientist, proposing his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his principles in quite a lot of venues. throughout the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reviews on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov bargains a nuanced research of the interactions among medical rules and societal values.
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Extra resources for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science
Petersburg, he took an active part in the political struggles of the time, publishing on a variety of issues in the party’s periodicals. In late 1907, together with Lenin, Bogdanov again moved abroad to become a lead editor of the party’s main journal, The Proletarian. During these busy years, Bogdanov did not limit his work exclusively to the pressing issues of day-Â�to-Â�day practical politics and revolutionary propaganda. He also became deeply engaged in elaborating Marxist theory. ” He focused in particular on “culture” and paid scant attention to other elements of the superstructure, such as politics, laws, bureaucracy, or social institutions.
So Shamov decided to use the much simpler method of indirect transfusion with citrated blood, which had become popular during World War I among the Allied surgeons. Of course, despite his firm belief in the mighty science behind Western surgeons’ successes with blood transfusions, Shamov felt quite uncertain about the outcome of his own first try. The skepticism of his colleagues was infectious. A number of “what ifs” revolved in his mind: What if the favorable results he had observed in the United States were just a coincidence?
He also stated that during the last few years, with the discovery of sodium citrate’s anticoagulation properties, the method of indirect transfusion began to replace the surgically demanding methods of direct transfusion. Shamov informed the audience of his own success in creating the standard sera for determining blood groups and briefly described his three clinical cases, displaying several tables that showed the results of his patients’ blood tests before and after the transfusions. ” Still, staff members of other VMA clinics, who had not witnessed Shamov’s actual transfusions, greeted his report with the customary skepticism and disbelief.